This could be a very hairy situation!!!
Cats are not the only ones that have hairballs! 😨 . Rapunzel syndrome, medically known as trichophagia, is caused by a psychiatric disorder in which people compulsively swallow their own hair. Trichophagia is related to a slightly more common disorder in which people have an irresistible urge to pull out their hair, called trichotillomania.💇 . Human hair (especially long hair) is resistant to digestion as well as peristalsis. So it tends to stay in the stomach and over a period of time may form a large ‘hair ball’. A trichobezoar (hair ball) may extend up to the pylorus, duodenum, or even jejunum. A part may eventually break off into the small bowel and cause small bowel obstruction.🏥 . 85 to 95% of patients with Rapunzel syndrome present with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Other symptoms of Rapunzel syndrome include a bloated stomach, reduced appetite, weight loss and constipation or diarrhea. In severe cases the bowel is punctured, which can lead to sepsis (infection). Although very rare, death has occurred in 4% of all related cases. . Trichophagia has been found to occur in people with iron deficiency. In some case reports of Rapunzel syndrome, hair pulling and hair eating stopped after the person was treated for iron deficiency or celiac disease (Celiac disease causes damage to the small intestine, which leads to poor nutrient absorption). . Treatment of this condition most commonly involves surgery to remove the hair ball in one piece. It’s also possible to dissolve the hair ball with chemicals, break it up into smaller pieces with a laser or remove it via a tube fed through the mouth and into the stomach, called an endoscopy. However, these methods are generally less successful than surgery. 💉 . If you or a loved one are experiencing these conditions, please ask us and contact your primary healthcare physician to prevent any further complications. Stay safe and stay healthy everyone! . FOLLOW US and TAG YOUR HAIRY FRIENDS! ! 🤓 🎥@anatomiae